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Adam Smith, Dorothea Dix, Billie Holiday, Ty Cobb, and the Romanovs

Posted by Laurie Frost on July 17, 2010

What do economist  Adam Smith, activist Dorothea Dix, singer Billie Holiday, baseball player Ty Cobb, and the last of the Russian royals, the Romanovs, have in common?

All died on July 17.

All images are from the Library of Congress.

Adam Smith (1723-1790) was a Scottish philosopher whose study Wealth of Nations secured his reputation as a founding father of free market economics.

Adam Smith

LC-USZ62-17407

Dorothea Dix (1802-1887) fought for the humane treatment of the impoverished mentally ill.

Dorothea Lynde Dix

LC-USZ62-9797

Ty Cobb (1886-1961) is considered one of baseball’s greatest players.

[Ty Cobb, Detroit Tigers, baseball card portrait]

LC-DIG-bbc-1711f

Billie Holiday (1915-1959) was a jazz singer and song writer.

[Portrait of Billie Holiday]

Mar. 23, 1949. By Carl Van Vechten. LC-USZ62-116612

The last czar of Russia, Nicholas II (1868-1918) ruled from 1894 through the spring of 1917 when he abdicated and was detained with his his wife, his son, and his four daughters first in a palace, then governor’s mansion and finally a private home. There, the family, along with their doctor and cook, the Tsar’s valet, and the Empress’ lady-in-waiting, were killed by Bolsheviks sometime during the night of July 16-17, 1918.

NICHOLAS II, H.I.M. CZAR OF RUSSIA

Nicholas II before the Revolution.  LC-DIG-hec-04620

Emperor Nicholas II shovelling snow in the park at Tsarskoe Selo, Russia, where he and the royal family were interned, 1917

Nicholas II after the Revolution, shovelling snow, 1917. LC-USZ62-59508

[Alexis Nicolaevitch, Czarevitch, heir to the Russian throne, and his sister, Grand Duchess Tatiana in the Park at Tsarskoe Selo]

Alexei Nicolaevitch, Czarevitch, heir to the Russian throne (1904-1918), and his sister, Grand Duchess Tatiana (1897-1918) taking a break at Tsarskoe Selo, the palace where they were first imprisoned, 1917. LC-USZ62-38342

Empress Alexandra in her rolling chair embroiders while the rest of the royal family is at work in the garden at Tsarkoe Selo, Russia, 1917

Empress Alexandra (1872-1918) embroiders while the royal family works in the garden at Tsarkoe Selo, Russia, 1917.  LC-USZ62-59505

The Russian royal children resting after working in the garden at Tsarskoe Selo. Left to right: Olga Nicolaevna, Alexis Nicolaevitch, Anastasie and Tatiana Nicolaevna

The Russian royal children resting after working in the garden at Tsarskoe Selo. Left to right: Olga Nicolaevna (1895-1918), Alexei Nicolaevitch, Anastasia (1901-1918) and Tatiana Nicolaevna.  LC-USZ62-29428

Royal Russian family

In happier times: The Romanovs, the last royal family of Russia, in 1914.  Seated (left to right) Maria (1899-1918), Queen Alexandra, Czar Nicholas II, Anastasia, Alexei (front), and standing (left to right), Olga and Tatiana.

LC-B2- 2868-2

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