Posts Tagged ‘National Archives’
Posted by Laurie Frost on May 28, 2011
Posted in Historical, Library of Congress, National Archives, Places | Tagged: American Cemetery Bougainville, Arlington Cemetery, Chaplain Jesse H. Crosset, Hamhung Korea, Library of Congress, National Archives, Ryukyu Islands, St. Mihiel American Cemetery, Terry Eiler | Comments Off on Memorial Day, Part 2
Posted by Laurie Frost on May 27, 2011
Posted in Historical, Library of Congress, Places | Tagged: Aisne - Marne American Cemetery, Arlington Cemetery, Carol M. Highsmith, Library of Congress, Margraten Cemetery Holland, Memorial Day, National Archives, Tomb of the Unknown Soldier | Comments Off on Memorial Day
Posted by Laurie Frost on January 16, 2011
Posted in Historical, Library of Congress, National Archives, People, Places | Tagged: Alabama, Carol M. Highsmith, Civil Rights March on Washington D.C., Civil Rights Memorial, Dexter Avenue King Memorial Baptist Church, Dexter Parsonage Museum, Dr. Martin Luther King, George F. Landegger Alabama Library of Congress Collection, Jr., Library of Congress, Martin Luther King Jr. Birth Home, Montgomery, National Archives | 1 Comment »
Posted by Laurie Frost on September 23, 2010
Here’s something different. Petroglyphs are carved into rock; pictographs are painted on the surface, and “rock art” is an all-purpose general term that you can use should the first two fail. Sources for today’s post include The National Archives’ DocuAmerica, National Park Service (NPS), and the Naval Air Weapons Station– China Lake.
First, several pictographs photographed by David Hiser for the EPA’s DocuAmerica project posted at The National Archives website.
Moab, Utah: Newspaper Rock, Indian Creek Historic State Park. 05/1972. . ARC Identifier 545679, ARC Identifier 545671 [close-up]
Canyonlands National Park, Utah. 05/1972 ARC Identifier 545675
Horse Canyon, Canyonlands National Park, Utah. 05/1972 ARC Identifier 545687
The next three should be credited to the National Park Service (NPS):
The following is from the National Park Service’s Mesa Verde website and describes the small image to the right:
According to one Hopi elder, this petroglyph, found on Mesa Verde’s Petroglyph Point Trail, may tell the story of two clans (the Mountain Sheep Clan and the Eagle Clan) separating from other people and returning to their place of origin. Notice the boxy spiral shape? This likely represents a sipapu, the place where Pueblo people believe they emerged from the earth (believed to be near the Grand Canyon). You can also see the head and arms of a figure, and on the bottom right, a possible Katsina clan symbol.
Now here’s something new to me: one of the largest collections of petroglyphs in the US is on a military installation in California, and only one site, Little Petroglyph Canyon, is open to the public — and that is on a very limited basis:
Concentrated in secluded canyons of the volcanic Coso Range on the test ranges of the Naval Air Weapons Station, China Lake, Calif., are thousands of visual reminders of people who, thousands of years ago, hunted and gathered their food in this high desert. The Coso Range Canyons contain the highest concentration of rock art in the Western Hemisphere. More than 6,000 images have been pecked, engraved, or abraded into the desert varnish or patina that forms on basalt rocks with time and weathering.
No one knows for sure how old these petroglyphs are. A broad range of dates can be inferred from archaeological sites in the area and some artifact forms depicted on the rocks. Some of them may be as old as 16,000 years, some as recent as the 1800s. Designs range from animals to abstract to anthropomorphic figures. . . .
After the Sept. 11, 2001 attack on the World Trade Center, security concerns resulted in the cancellation of all petroglyph tours. While security is still a number one priority, NAWS houses one of the largest concentrations of petroglyphs in North America. Therefore, with security in mind, the Commanding Officer of NAWS has adopted a new policy to allow limited tours to the public.
All tours will be conducted with a minimum of two Command-approved escorts. These escorts are volunteers contributing their time to the tour groups so that you may see and enjoy the rock art of Little Petroglyph Canyon. …
One image in the media gallery at the installation’s website is of a geoglyph, which I suppose means the image was carved onto the ground rather than on a rock face:
” This starburst-shaped geoglyph was located on one of the pre-historic sites.”
Here are some deer-shaped and sheep petroglyphs:
And one of geometric shapes and another that “differs from the other petroglyph designs in the canyons at NAWCWD, China Lake”:
To learn more about petroglyphs and pictographs, visit:
The Three Rivers Petroglyph Site: More than 21,000 glyphs of humans, animals, plants, geometric and abstract designs in the Chihuahuan Desert of New Mexico.
Coso Rock Art District, China Lake, California. This site has an interesting essay on connection between shamanism and petroglyphs; unfortunately, its images are not in the the public domain.
Petroglyphs and Pictographs of Southeast Alaska, Tongass National Forest
Rock Images, NPS Archaeology page. List of locations of petroglyphs, but with many broken links.
Posted in Historical, National Archives, National Park Service, Places, US Air Force | Tagged: Canyonlands National Park, Chaco Culture National Historical Park, China Lake, Coso Range, David Hiser, Dinosaur National Monumment, DOCUMERICA, Gary M. Stolz, geoglyph, Indian Creek Historic State Park, Little Petroglyph Canyon, McKee Springs, Moab, Nageezi, National Archives, National Park Service, Naval Air Weapons Station, Newspaper Rock, petroglyphs, pictographs, Rock Art, Three Rivers Petroglyph Site | 25 Comments »
Posted by Laurie Frost on September 3, 2010
Back into the Public Vaults of the National Archives today, this time selecting for artifacts, maps and charts, and textual records for an eclectic collection ranging from stamps showing a skull-like profile of Hitler to an Air Force department’s chart illustrating reports of UFO sightings in the summer months of 1952.
Abraham Zapruder Camera. ARC Identifier 305171
Who, you want to know, is Abraham Zapruder? He brought his home movie camera along on November 22, 1963 when he went to watch President John F. Kennedy’s motorcade through Dallas, and he ended up filming the assassination of the president.
.This chart, Appendix I to Project Blue Book Status Report No. 8, was produced by the Technical Intelligence Division of the US Air Force. It shows the frequency of unidentified flying object (UFO) reports during the months of June, July, August, and September 1952. ARC Identifier 595542
Posted in Uncategorized | Tagged: Abraham Zapruder, Battle of Bull Run map, counterfeit Hitler stamps, Great Seal of the US 1782, National Archives, Schweinfurt bombing, UFO reports in 1952, Zapruder Film | Comments Off on Back Into the Public Vaults, National Archives
Posted by Laurie Frost on August 29, 2010
These photos are all from the Public Vaults collection found under National Archives Exhibits in the ARC Gallery of archives.gov. Once I reached the Public Vaults page, I refined my search by de-selecting all but “Photographs & Other Graphic Materials,” which dropped the number of results from 1,049 to 504.
The 504 images are not, as best I can tell, organized in any particular way. This makes for a random browse. To preserve the feel of visiting these pages, I haven’t imposed any order on the images I’ve selected for this sampling, either.
Credit pictures to National Archives/ARC ID number.
Photograph of a Lifeboat Carrying Titanic Survivors, 05/14/1912. ARC Identifier 278337
From ARC: This is a photograph of a lifeboat carrying Titanic shipwreck survivors. Original caption: “Boat No 6, 16, 11 women, 6 men, Miss Bowerman, Mrs. J. J. Brown, Mrs. Candee, Mrs. Cavendish, Mrs. Cavendish (Maid), Mrs. Meyer, Miss Norton, Mrs. Rothchild, Mrs. L. P. Smith, Mrs. Stine & Maid, Hitching Q. M.”
This is the grimmest wedding party I have ever seen:
Photograph of a Group in Front of Metlakahtla Christian Mission Church Following a Wedding Ceremony in Metlakahtla, Alaska . ARC Identifier 297667
This next one looks like a cross between a junior high science fair project and an audition for a “Price is Right” hostess, but it is neither: it’s advice on stocking your personal bomb shelter.
Survival Supplies for the Well-Stocked Fallout Shelter. ARC Identifier 542103 /Local Identifier 311-D-9(2)
No one is keeping his eyes on the man climbing the ladder, and even he is more interested in the photographer than in doing whatever made him climb that rickety ladder.
Photograph of Men Testing the Subsurface by Drilling with Diamond Drills, 08/1910. ARC Identifier 596095
Most of the time you see “Whites Only” signs in pre-Civil Rights era photos. But here’s one with: “Colored Only Police Order.”
Photograph of a Shack for Negroes Only at Belle Glade, Florida, 04/1945. ARC Identifier 594942
Don’t those hands look weird? I’m not convinced that the hands belong to the heads, if you know what I mean.
Enemy Ears Are Listening. ARC Identifier 514209
I don’t know what the story is behind this:
Jell-O Box Exhibit Used in the Espionage Trial of Julius and Ethel Rosenberg and Morton Sobell, 03/06/1951 – 03/29/1951. ARC Identifier 278774
Yet another example of an exercise in futility:
Photograph of Prohibition Agents Destroying a Bar. ARC Identifier 595674 / Local Identifier 306-NT-727-16
Workman on the Framework of the Empire State Building. ARC Identifier 518290
Photograph of Sketch of a D-Day Dress – Platoon Leader. ARC Identifier 596375 / MLR Number NM3 427
Photograph of Flag Bearer for Women’s Rights Standing Near White House. ARC Identifier 594266
Photograph of Richard M. Nixon and Elvis Presley at the White House, 12/21/1970. ARC Identifier 1634221
Posted in Uncategorized | Tagged: Belle Glade, covered wagon, D-Day Dress - Platoon Leader, Empire State Building, Jell-O Box Exhibit Used in the Espionage Trial of Julius and Ethel Rosenberg and Morton Sobell, Metlakahtla, National Archives, Prohibition Agents, Public Vaults, Richard M. Nixon and Elvis Presley, suffragette flag bearer, Titanic survivors, Well-Stocked Fallout Shelter | Comments Off on A Random Browse in the National Archives’ Public Vaults
Posted by Laurie Frost on August 23, 2010
The Berlin Wall keeps coming up among the search terms that bring people to this blog. I posted images of the wall back in November 2009, but I thought I’d have another look around. Pre-unification (11/9/89) images are surprisingly hard to find, but I found a few more that don’t repeat what is in the November post.
This first image from the Library of Congress is chilling. The photographer, Toni Frisell, was a high society fashion photographer when World War II broke out. She volunteered her services to the Red Cross, the Air Force, and the Women’s Army Corp, staying on after the war’s end to document its aftermath. When you just glance at the picture, what you see is a smiling, seeming relaxed young man. But look up and to the right and you see he has a gun pointed at his head.
Summary from LoC: West Berliner in uniform in front of Berlin Wall; soldier pointing gun over wall. Toni Frissell Collection [LC-USZC4-4334]
Man carrying cross on street, Berlin, West Germany. Toni Frissell Collection [LC-USZC4-4333]
These are not tagged “Berlin Wall” but are related to the Berlin airlift, and so may be of interest. The first from the National Museum of the US Air Force is rather unusual:
I found this on this on the CIA’s website in a document titled “Turning a Cold War Scheme into Reality: Engineering the Berlin Tunnel”, a formerly classified account of the construction of a secret tunnel “in a rural area of the American Sector southwest of Berlin known as Altglienecke” to tap into Soviet communications lines. It operated until 1956 when East German telephone repairmen accidentally came across it. Or so it was believed at the time.
Photograph of President Reagan giving a speech at the Berlin Wall, Brandenburg Gate, Federal Republic of Germany, 06/12/1987 – 06/12/1987. ARC Identifier 198585
And here’s a post-unification one from the US Army:
Fireworks illuminate Berlin’s Brandenburg Gate as thousands celebrate the 20th anniversary of the fall of the Berlin Wall, Nov. 9, 2009.
Photo Credit: Richard Bumgardner (U.S. Army Europe)
Posted in Uncategorized | Tagged: Berlin airlift, Berlin airlift parachute dog, Berlin airlift SCR-658 radio receiver, Berlin tunnel, Berlin Wall, Brandenburg Gate, CIA, Library of Congress, National Archives, National Museum of the US Air Force, Richard Bumgardner, Toni Frissell, Turning a Cold War Scheme into Reality: Engineering the Berlin Tunnel", US Army | Comments Off on Still Looking for Public Domain Images of the Berlin Wall
Posted by Laurie Frost on October 20, 2009
Rath & Wright’s buffalo hide yard in 1878, showing 40,000 buffalo hides, Dodge City, Kansas. ARC Identifier 520093
A collection of buffalo, elk, deer, mountain sheep and wolf skulls and bones near Fort Sanders, Albany County, Wyoming, 1870. ARC Identifier 516956
When I was looking for National Park images, I came across the shocking pictures above. I hadn’t grasped how intensively the species was hunted in the nineteenth century, but according to the Nature Conservancy, by the early twentieth century, “less than 100 free-roaming bison remained in the world,” when once millions of these creatures, the largest land mammals on the North American continent, could be found coast to coast. Conservation efforts prevented the extinction of the species, and numbers have increased, but the American Prairie Foundation notes that because of cross breeding with cattle, “of the 500,000 bison alive today, fewer than 7,000 are non-hybridized.” It considers the species “ecologically extinct.”
Blackfoot Indians chasing buffalo, Three Buttes, Montana, 1853. ARC Identifier 531080
The Plains Indians hunted the buffalo (while buffalo is probably the more widely used word, technically, the species is Bison bison, and so some prefer to call them bison), but the differences between them and the newcomers to the hunt are significant. One big difference: guns. And Indians generally — but not always — as Shepard Kreech explains in “Buffalo Tales: The Near-Extermination of the American Bison” on a National Humanities Center webpage, used every part of their prey they could, unlike the settlers who killed herds to sell their hides on to distant traders.
Arapaho camp with buffalo meat drying near Fort Dodge, Kansas, 1870. ARC Identifier 518892
Kreech begins his overview of the role of the buffalo in the Plains Indians lives by noting that they ate
an incredible variety of bison parts: meat, fat, organs, testicles, nose gristle, nipples, blood, milk, marrow, fetus.But the buffalo represented more than food. For many it provided over one hundred specific items of material culture. Day or night, Plains Indians could not ever have been out of sight, touch, or smell of some buffalo product. It was the era’s Wal-Mart.
Distributing buffalo hides, ca. 1936. ARC Identifier 285666 The creator of this picture is listed in the bibliographic record as Department of the Interior, Bureau of Indian Affairs, Rosebud Agency. The Rosebud Reservation, part of the Sioux Nation, is in South Dakota.
Hides with and without fur on were used for clothing, moccasins, bedding, and tipi covers. Other parts and their uses included:
Hair: ropes, stuffing, yarn Sinew: thread, bowstrings, snowshoe webbing Horns: arr ow points, bow parts, ladles & spoons cups, containers Brains: to soften skins Fat: paint base Dung: fuel, to polish stone Teeth: ornaments Paunch & Large Intestine: containers Penis: glue
Compare this to the meaningless slaughter of buffalo from trains:”]
Illus. in: Harper’s Weekly, v. 2 (1867), p. 792. [LC-cph 3b08935]
or the hunter interested in the securing the largest numbers of hides he could:
Posted in Uncategorized | Tagged: Arapaho, bison, Blackfoot, Buffalo, Dodge City KS, Fort Dodge KS, Fort Sanders, Library of Congress, National Archives, Rath & Wright's buffalo hide yard, Rosebud Agency, Shepard Kreech, Sioux Nation, Wichita National Forest | 2 Comments »