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Archive for the ‘NOAA’ Category

Snow

Posted by Laurie Frost on December 31, 2010

Here are a handful of snowflakes, courtesy of the NOAA Photo Library National Weather Service (NWS) Collection.

Image 890 of "Studies among the Snow Crystals ... " by Wilson Bentley, "The Snowflake Man." From Annual Summary of the "Monthly Weather Review" for 1902. Bentley was a bachelor farmer whose hobby was photographing snow flakes. ID# wea02098

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Posted in Historical, NOAA, NOAA Photo Library, People | Tagged: , , , , , , | Comments Off on Snow

You Asked for It: Mangroves

Posted by Laurie Frost on June 29, 2010

A reader requested a hi-res shot of a mangrove, so I had a look around. On each of these sites there are at least a few — and often many — more images to choose from.

Here are a few from the US Fish & Wildlife Service’s National Digital Library:

WO3690 Black Mangrove Swamp in Texas

Volume1\5CD6962D-A3E0-D2A3-F39EC675A2151B94.jpg (Full Resolution Volume and Filename)

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Posted in Fish and Wildlife Service, National Park Service, NOAA, NOAA Photo Library, Places, Plants | Tagged: , , , , , , , , , | Comments Off on You Asked for It: Mangroves

NOAA Images: Hurricanes

Posted by Laurie Frost on August 17, 2009

wea01803Circa 1938, Coast Guard aircraft were used to drop warning messages to sponge fishermen in the Gulf of Mexico off Florida’s west coast.  Credit:  NWS wea01803

Forty years ago tonight, or early tomorrow morning, Hurricane Camille made landfall near Bay St. Louis on the coast of Mississippi. It was one of only three 20th century hurricanes to be classified as Category 5 when it hit land.

The images for this post are from National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration’s (NOAA) Photo Library’s National Weather Service (NWS) Collection’s album, Meteorological Monsters.

What does a hurricane look like? Its radar image is distinct and recognizable, and some of the images in this album are screenshots of radar data. Here, for example, are screenshots of Camille and 2005’s Katrina from NOAA’s National Climatic Data Center:camilleandkatrina-compare

But as the hurricane is going on, taking a picture that is readily identifiable as “hurricane” isn’t so easy. More telling are the aftermath pictures, ones showing widespread devastation or ones proving the bizarre and awesome strength of these storms, like these:wea00544

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Above and left: Hurricane Andrew, Miami, 1992 . A piece of plywood and a  1 X 4 board driven through the trunks of  royal palm trees. Credits: NWS wea00544, wea00546

Right: September 13, 1928, Puerto Rico:  10-foot 2 X 4 driven through a palm tree.  Credit: NWS wea00405

 

 In Mississippi, the casinos are on barges in the Gulf. What you see in the foreground of this picture is the white sand of the coast. Then Highway 90, the main east-west highway along the Gulf Coast. And then, beyond the beach and beyond the highway, the largest of two barges from Biloxi Grand Hotel, run aground where Katrina moved it. The big blue moving van in the left corner gives an indication of the size — and weight– of this barge.wea02523

 Photographer/Credit: Lieut. Commander Mark Moran, NOAA Corps, NMAO/AOC [NWS wea02523]

 These sets of before and after shots give an idea of the aftermath of Hurricane Camille. This is Trinity Episcopal Church, built in 1849, Pass Christian, Mississippi, photographed in the 1960s (credit: NWS wea00436) before Camille:wea00436

 — and after (credit: NWS wea00437): wea00437

 Isn’t it strange how the one tree seems unscathed?

Another example: This historic Mississippi home was photographed during the summer of 1969, prior to its planned September opening as Episcopal High School (credit: NWS wea00422):wea00422

Camille took all but its front steps (credit: NWS wea00423):wea00423

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NOAA Images: Wretched Weather

Posted by Laurie Frost on August 15, 2009

One of the collections in the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration’s Photo Library is titled National Severe Storms Laboratory, after NOAA’s extreme weather lab based in Norman, Oklahoma. Its albums are Tornadoes, Instruments, Sky Scenes, Lightning and Hail.

Here are some examples of what you can find there: nssl0001

Baseball-sized (diameter=6 cm) aggregate hailstone.

Credit: NOAA Photo Library, NOAA Central Library; OAR/ERL/NSSL [nssl0001]

nssl0016NOAA caption: Time-lapse photography captures multiple cloud-to-ground lightning strokes during a night-time thunderstorm.   Norman, Oklahoma. March, 1978   Photographer: C. Clark

Credit: NOAA Photo Library, NOAA Central Library; OAR/ERL/NSSL [nssl0016]

 

nssl0052NOAA caption: Tornado near end of life – photographed during “Sound Chase.” “Sound Chase” was joint project of NSSL and Mississippi State University. Purpose of project was to record sounds emitted by tornadoes.    Cordell, Oklahoma.   May 22, 1981

Credit: NOAA Photo Library, NOAA Central Library; OAR/ERL/NSSL [nssl0052]

nssl0179NOAA caption: Project Vortex. The Dimmitt Tornado.  

South of Dimmitt, Texas.  June 2, 1995. Photographer: Harald Richter

Credit: NOAA Photo Library, NOAA Central Library; OAR/ERL/NSSL [nssl0179]

Meteorological Monsters is the title of one of the albums in the National Weather Service Collection; the most extensive sets here are of various hurricanes and deserving of a separate look. But here are some other historical highlights.

wea00206NOAA caption: Oldest known photograph of a tornado.

22 miles southwest of Howard, South Dakota.   August 28, 1884

Credit: NOAA’s National Weather Service (NWS) Collection [wea00206]

wea01411NOAA Caption: “Dust Over Texas.” Huge boiling masses of dust that blocked out the sun were common sights in Texas during the Dust Bowl years. In: “To Hold This Soil”, Russell Lord, 1938. Miscellaneous Publication No. 321, U.S. Department of Agriculture. Circa 1935

Credit:  NOAA’s NWS Collection [wea01411]

wea01422NOAA Caption: A dust storm approaching Spearman [TX].

In: “Monthly Weather Review,” Volume 63, April 1935, p. 148.

 Credit:  NOAA’s  NWS Collection [wea01422]

 

wea00796NOAA Caption:  “Seventh St., Washington, D. C., under the Flood.” 

In: “History of the Johnstown Flood”, by Willis Fletcher Johnson, 1889. P. 379. Library Call Number M79.4 J71h.

Photographer: Archival Photograph by Mr. Steve Nicklas, NOS, NGS

Credit:  NOAA’s  NWS Collection [wea0796]

NOAA credits these last two to “Our National Calamity of Fire, Flood, and Tornado” by Logan Marshall, 1913. L. T. Myers, publisher. Both were taken in Dayton, Ohio, in March 1913, during a period of flooding that throughout the region claimed “527 deaths, the U.S. record for the 20th Century.” Archival Photography by Steve Nicklas, NOS, NGS

wea00751NOAA Caption: Improvised row boats built by National Cash Register Company were of great value in rescuing marooned residents of Dayton.

Credit:  NOAA’s  NWS Collection [wea00751]

And proving that as soon as there was photography, politicos rushed into photo ops:

wea00760

NOAA Caption: City leaders shouldering shovels and hoes to help clean up the city. Little mud on the clothes might indicate a posed picture for publicity purposes.

Credit:  NOAA’s  NWS Collection [wea00760]

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Images from NOAA: Beasts of the Seas

Posted by Laurie Frost on August 13, 2009

reef2568

Green moray eel.  

Credit: Florida Keys National Marine Sanctuary. Source:  NOAA’s Coral Kingdom Collection [reef2568]

Getting back to NOAA — remember them? — the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, source for some great shots of polar bears in a previous post.

If the subject has anything to do with the skies or the seas, NOAA is involved.

The NOAA site has a Photo Library, and this is its policy:

Most NOAA photos and slides are in the public domain and CANNOT be copyrighted.

Although at present, no fee is charged for using the photos credit MUST be given to the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration/Department of Commerce unless otherwise instructed to give credit to the photographer or other source.

I found 2 instances of clearly copyrighted images in my browse. Here’s the caption for one: “A Pigeon Guillemot. This image is copyrighted. Please contact Pieter Folkens at animalbytes@earthlink.netand phone … prior to using.” That’s about as unambiguous as you can get. A dropdown menu on the top of the Photo Library home page lists the site’s 22 collections, into which some 10,000 images have been classified. Most of these have self-explanatory titles: Coral Kingdom, Sanctuaries, NOAA in Space, National Severe Storm Labs (NSSL). The collections are further divided into albums. For example, Voyage to Inner Space — Exploring the Sea with NOAA includes Ocean Exploration, National Undersea Research Program, and History of Oceanography; NSSL albums are Tornadoes, Instruments, Sky Scenes, Lightning, and Hail.

Today, for no particular reason, I offer some images of unpleasant beasts of the seas. The numbers in the brackets following NOAA on the credit line are the image’s ID, an easy way to locate the picture using the search box, if, for example, you wish to download a high resolution photo (available for many images). The information accompanying the pictures isn’t always consistently presented; sometimes there’s a photographer named and sometimes not.

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Barracuda

Credit: Florida Keys National Marine Sanctuary. Source:  NOAA’s Coral Kingdom Collection [reef2567]

sanc0410 

Manta Ray in Flower Garden Banks National Marine Sanctuary

Credit: Photographer: Jackie Reid. Source: NOAA’s Sanctuaries Collection [sanc0410]

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NOAA caption: This tiny and very dangerous Portuguese Man-O-War jellyfish measures only an inch across. It was collected using a dip net over the rail of the R/V Seward Johnson during one evening’s “night-lighting” samplings.

Location: South Atlantic Bight, Southeast United States.   Photographer: Bruce Moravchik, NOAA                                  Credit: Islands in the Stream Expedition 2002. NOAA Office of Ocean Exploration.                                                                 Source: Voyage To Inner Space – Exploring the Seas With NOAA Collection [expl0363]

sanc0806 

NOAA caption:

A purple striped jellyfish — Pelagia panopyra – possesses very potent stingers.                                 

Location: Monterrey Bay National Marine Sanctuary.

Credit: Photographer: Kip Evans. Source: NOAA’s Sanctuaries Collection [sanc0806]

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Last of the Polar Bears

Posted by Laurie Frost on July 8, 2009

Polar bears have featured in several of my earlier posts: FWS [Fish & Wildlife Service] Images of Alaska’s Polar Bears, Walruses and Seals; Where the Polar Bears Roam; and Polar Bears and Blue Angels, Submarines and Ships of the US Navy.

Here’s one more set, which are intriguing because they show the size of the bears in comparison to men. The bears are sedated so that they can be tagged by scientists from the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, or NOAA.

First, a statement from NOAA about the public domain status and use of the images in its library:

Restrictions for Using NOAA Images

Most NOAA photos and slides are in the public domain and CANNOT be copyrighted.

Although at present, no fee is charged for using the photos credit MUST be given to the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration/Department of Commerce unless otherwise instructed to give credit to the photographer or other source.

It’s worth repeating that last line. Remember, you are paying nothing, but you must give credit:

…no fee is charged for using the photos credit MUST be given to the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration/Department of Commerce

The pictures, then more about NOAA in the Arctic. This one of the bears’ huge padded paws was taken by Captain Budd Christman, NOAA Corps, on Alaska’s Beaufort Sea in May 1982 [credit: NOAA/ US Dept. of Commerce].anim00412

Captain Christman also shot the next two pictures of bear and man. The man is Steve Amstrup of the US FWS. The caption provided for the second picture below notes that the bear’s neck circumference was 45 inches and his estimated weight, 1400 pounds. [credits: NOAA/ US Dept. of Commerce].anim0038

anim0036This last picture shows Cpt. Christman with a bear tagged for monitoring in the Outer Continental Shelf Environmental Assessment Program (OCSEAP) studies [credit: NOAA/ US Dept. of Commerce].anim0035

There are a number of really fine things about the NOAA site, and we will return to those in later posts, but just for now let me direct you to these pages:

The formats represented in this resource include print, CD-ROM, online full-text documents, digital videos, digital images, online cruise data and Web resources. This document provides full-text access, copyright permitting, to significant Polar documents in the NOAA Library collections. There are over one-hundred-and-fifty electronic references to unique historical documents that have been scanned and made available online via NOAALINC, as well as to scientific datasets available online via the National Oceanographic Data Center (NODC) Ocean Archive System.

Now, leaving NOAA and departing from our images in the public domain theme, here’s a resource specifically on polar bears:

You can’t think about the future of polar bears without considering climate change. Here are some sites about the disappearance of the sea ice on which the bears live. Again, we’ve departed from public domain resources:

Posted in Animals, Fish and Wildlife Service, NOAA, Places | Tagged: , , , , , , , , , , , , , , | 4 Comments »